MA26710 Groups and Rings
Introductory description
This is an introductory abstract algebra module. As the title suggests, the two main objects of study are groups and rings.
Module aims
This is a standard first abstract algebra module, roughly based on the current version of Algebra2: Groups and Rings. It consists of 5 weeks of Group Theory and 5 weeks of Ring Theory. Some of the heavier ringtheoretic topics in the current Algebra2 are dropped. The module gives access to all Algebra options in year 2 and 3 as well as Number Theory in year 2. I am referring to chapters in the 2019 lecture notes.
The students have done some algebra in Sets and Numbers in year 1. The proficiency with operations in the symmetric group is assumed. For instance, the students may have seen the following notions: groups (abelian, cyclic), order of an element, ring, field. On the other hand, no proficiency in these notions is assumed.
Outline syllabus
This is an indicative module outline only to give an indication of the sort of topics that may be covered. Actual sessions held may differ.
 Group Theory: motivating examples (numbers, dihedral group, quaternionic group, matrix groups), elementary properties, subgroup, coset, Lagrange’s theorem, quotient group, isomorphism theorem, free group, group given by generators and relations, group action, Gset G/H, orbit, stabiliser, the orbitstabiliser theorem, conjugacy class, classes in S_n, classification of groups up to order 8.
 Ring Theory: commutative and noncommutative ring, domain, examples (Z[x], Z/nZ, F[x], F[x]/(f)), ideal, quotient ring, isomorphism theorem, Chinese remainder theorem for Z/nZ and F[x]/(f), unit group, prime and irreducible element, factorization, Euclidean domain, characteristic of a field, unique factorization domain, ED is UFD, Eisenstein criterion, Gauss lemma, cyclotomic polynomial, finite subgroups of units in fields.
 Module Theory: module, free module, internal and external direct sum, free abelian group, unimodular Smith normal form, the fundamental theorem of finitely generated abelian groups.
 List of covered algebraic definitions: group or ring homomorphism (including kernel, image, isomorphism), direct product, coset, normal subgroup, quotient group, ideal, quotient ring, domain, irreducible element, prime element, euclidean domain, unique factorisation domain, direct product, free group, generators and relations, module, free module, direct sum, unimodular Smith normal form, action, orbit, stabiliser.
Learning outcomes
By the end of the module, students should be able to:
 have a working knowledge of the main constructions and concepts of theories of groups and rings
 recognise, classify and construct examples of groups and rings with specified properties by applying the algebraic concepts
 get the working knowledge of the understand the definition of various types of ring, and be familiar with a number of examples, including numbers, polynomials and Z/nZ
Indicative reading list
Samir Siksek, Introduction to Abstract Algebra lecture notes,
Ronald Solomon, Abstract Algebra, Brooks/Cole, 2003.
Niels Lauritzen, Concrete Abstract Algebra, Cambridge University Press, 2003
John B. Fraleigh, A first course in abstract algebra, Pearson, 2002
Joseph A. Gallian, Contemporary Abstract Algebra, Cengage Learning, 2012
View reading list on Talis Aspire
Subject specific skills
Students will improve their skills in thinking algebraically in a variety of settings. This includes working with axiomatic definitions of algebraic objects and analysing the structure and relationships between algebraic objects using fundamental tools such as subobjects and homomorphisms, laying a foundation for future study in algebra, number theory and algebraic geometry.
Transferable skills
The module emphasises the power of generalisation and abstraction. Students will improve their ability to analyse abstract concepts and to solve problems by selecting and applying appropriate abstract tools.
Study time
Type  Required 

Lectures  20 sessions of 1 hour (20%) 
Online learning (independent)  9 sessions of 1 hour (9%) 
Private study  13 hours (13%) 
Assessment  58 hours (58%) 
Total  100 hours 
Private study description
Working on assignments, going over lecture notes, text books, exam revision.
Costs
No further costs have been identified for this module.
You do not need to pass all assessment components to pass the module.
Assessment group D
Weighting  Study time  

Assignments  15%  20 hours 
Examination  85%  38 hours 
Assessment group R
Weighting  Study time  

Inperson Examination  Resit  100% 
Feedback on assessment
Marked homework (both assessed and formative) is returned and discussed in smaller classes. Exam feedback is given.
Courses
This module is Core for:

UMAAGV17 Undergraduate Mathematics and Philosophy
 Year 2 of GV17 Mathematics and Philosophy
 Year 2 of GV17 Mathematics and Philosophy
 Year 2 of GV17 Mathematics and Philosophy
 Year 2 of UMAAGV19 Undergraduate Mathematics and Philosophy with Specialism in Logic and Foundations
This module is Option list A for:
 Year 2 of UCSAG4G1 Undergraduate Discrete Mathematics
 Year 2 of UCSAG4G3 Undergraduate Discrete Mathematics

USTAGG14 Undergraduate Mathematics and Statistics (BSc)
 Year 2 of GG14 Mathematics and Statistics
 Year 2 of GG14 Mathematics and Statistics
This module is Option list B for:

UPXAGF13 Undergraduate Mathematics and Physics (BSc)
 Year 2 of GF13 Mathematics and Physics
 Year 2 of GF13 Mathematics and Physics

UPXAFG31 Undergraduate Mathematics and Physics (MMathPhys)
 Year 2 of FG31 Mathematics and Physics (MMathPhys)
 Year 2 of FG31 Mathematics and Physics (MMathPhys)

USTAY602 Undergraduate Mathematics,Operational Research,Statistics and Economics
 Year 2 of Y602 Mathematics,Operational Research,Stats,Economics
 Year 2 of Y602 Mathematics,Operational Research,Stats,Economics