PH9GE-30 Genealogy, Epistemology and Critique
PH9GE Genealogy, Epistemology and Critique
The module aims
(a) to familiarise students with the different forms that genealogy has taken in the history of Western philosophy, from ancient Greece to the present;
(b) to provide them with a detailed understanding of the current debates on genealogy both in the analytic and continental traditions;
(c) to get them to think critically about the role of genealogy and its use in developing original philosophical arguments so they can formulate their own research projects.
This is an indicative module outline only to give an indication of the sort of topics that may be covered. Actual sessions held may differ.
Genealogy has made several important appearances in the history of Western philosophy: applied by Xenophanes to Greek theology and by Herodotus to the belief in the superiority of one’s own culture, it is crucial to Hobbes and Locke’s (opposed) accounts of the state, to Hume’s analysis of justice, to Rousseau’s criticism of private property, as well as to the respective accounts of Feuerbach, Nietzsche, Adorno and Foucault, among others. However, it was not until recently that the genealogical method has started to receive explicit and careful attention. Why do philosophers make use of (fictional, semi-fictional or real) genealogies to develop their arguments? What are the philosophical consequences of an inquiry into the ‘origins’ of our concepts and beliefs? If we are able to show that a concept or belief has a contingent, historical origin, aren’t we forced to abandon it, or at least to cast doubt on its legitimacy?
This module will examine seminal texts in the history of Western philosophy that make use of genealogy, and will put them in conversation with the most recent debates on genealogy in both the analytic and continental traditions. It will thus explore and problematise an ambiguity intrinsic to the genealogical method: genealogy can be, and has been, used either for vindicatory aims (to show, e.g., that certain features of a concept originate with it and are therefore essentially and universally attached to it) or for debunking aims (to show, e.g., that if a belief in a moral value emerged as a consequence of ignoble historical events, then we should consider abandoning it). What does this ambiguity tell us about the ways in which genealogy is employed in philosophy? Can genealogy constitute a solid basis for either legitimising or criticising our most cherished concepts and beliefs?
By the end of the module, students should be able to:
- Subject knowledge and understanding: (a) … understand and carefully characterise the central philosophical questions connected to the use of the genealogical method in philosophy (especially in the fields of epistemology and critical theory). (b) … identify complex and conflicting views in the primary materials, as well as to produce and evaluate arguments for and against them. (c) … critically engage with a reasonable range of secondary materials, including the most recent research on this topic.
- Key skills: (a) … communicate clearly and substantively at an advanced level both in speech and in writing on the main issues addressed in the module. (b) … put classical texts in the history of Western philosophy in conversation with contemporary debates in epistemology and critical theory.
- Cognitive skills: (a) … provide a clear analysis of complex arguments. (b) … consistently compare the substance of different philosophical views. (c) … properly evaluate conflicting interpretations and critically engage with them.
- Subject-specific skills: (a) … understand the distinctive features and aims of the genealogical method employed in a philosophical text. (b) … recognise the different forms taken by genealogy in the history of Western philosophy. (c) … pursue independent philosophical research at an advanced level.
Indicative reading list
Xenophanes, Fragments (6th-5th century BC); Herodotus, Histories (5th century BC); Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651); John Locke, Second Treatise on Civil Government (1690); David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature (1739); Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origins and Basis of Inequality Among Men (1755); Ludwig Feuerbach, The Essence of Christianity (1841); Friedrich Nietzsche, On the Genealogy of Morality (1887); Theodor Adorno, History and Freedom (1964–65); Michel Foucault, Wrong-Doing, Truth-Telling: The Function of Avowal in Justice (1981); Jürgen Habermas, The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity (1985); Edward Craig, Knowledge and the State of Nature (1990); Bernard Williams, Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy (2002); Miranda Fricker, Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing (2007)
Subject specific skills
(a) The ability to understand the distinctive features and aims of the genealogical method employed in a philosophical text. (b) The ability to recognise the different forms taken by genealogy in the history of Western philosophy. (c) The ability to pursue independent philosophical research at an advanced level.
(a) The ability to communicate information (verbally and in written form) to people both expert and non-expert in the field; (b) The ability to analyse, evaluate, critique and apply complex information gathered from reading, reflection, reasoning or communication. (d) The ability to effectively manage schedules and deadlines.
|Seminars||9 sessions of 2 hours (6%)|
|Private study||282 hours (94%)|
Private study description
No private study requirements defined for this module.
No further costs have been identified for this module.
You must pass all assessment components to pass the module.
Students can register for this module without taking any assessment.
Assessment group A2
|7500 word essay||100%|
Feedback on assessment
Feedback on essays will be provided on the coversheet for the essay, addressing standard areas
of evaluation and individual content.
This module is Option list A for:
TPHA-V7PN Postgraduate Taught Philosophy and the Arts
- Year 1 of V7PN Philosophy and the Arts
- Year 2 of V7PN Philosophy and the Arts