PX147-6 Introduction to Particle Physics
The elementary constituents of matter are classified into three generations of quarks and leptons (electrons and neutrinos), which interact with each other through the electromagnetic, the weak and the strong forces. An account of how to classify the elementary particles and their interactions, and a description of some of the experimental tools used to probe their properties, is the subject of this introductory module. The module discusses the relationship between conservation laws and the symmetry of the families of elementary particles. Understanding this relationship is the key to understanding how elementary particles behave. We look at which quantities are conserved by which interactions and how this allows us to interpret simple reactions between particles. We also study how elementary particles interact with matter. One example is that of neutrinos in cosmic rays and their interaction with the earth's atmosphere.
To provide an introduction to elementary particle physics including the naming and classification of particles, their detection and their interaction with matter
This is an indicative module outline only to give an indication of the sort of topics that may be covered. Actual sessions held may differ.
The Guiding Principles of Elementary Particle Physics: Simplicity, Composition, Symmetry, Unification
Quarks and Leptons as basic building blocks: Periodic Table of Quarks and Leptons; Basic compostion rules for hadrons
The four forces and their roles: Electromagnetism, Gravity, Strong nuclear force, Weak nuclear force
Symmetries and conservation laws: Introduction through simple examples, Qualitative treatment of relationship between symmetries and conservation Laws, Conservations Laws of EPP
Particle Physics in the natural world: Natural radioactivity, source of geothermal energy, Cosmic rays, Natural sources of neutrinos: radioactivity, solar, atmospheric
Charged particles in electric and magnetic fields, e/m of the electron, Mass spectrometry, Cathode ray tube, Particle accelerators
Interactions of particles with matter: Ionisation, Pair creation by photons and Bremsstrahlung, Hadronic interactions, Exponential probability of interaction: radiation and interaction lengths, Particle detectors
The Big questions: Origin of Mass and the Higgs, Grand Unification as a goal, Neutrino character and mass
By the end of the module, students should be able to:
- Classify the elementary particles giving the correct quantum number assignments to all quark and lepton flavours
- Discuss qualitatively the relationship between symmetries and conservation laws
- Explain the principles of cathode ray tubes, mass spectrometers and particle accelerators
- Characterise natural radioactivity, cosmic rays, solar and atmospheric neutrinos
- Describe the operation of common particle detectors
Indicative reading list
Chapter 44, of University Physics 11th Edition, HD Young and RA Freedman, Addison Wesley, 2004.
This module is taken by many students from within Mathematical Sciences (mainly Maths and Physics). Particle physics is about the fundamental laws governing how matter behaves. It is one of the great success stories of interdisciplinary collaboration between mathematics and physics - the Standard Model of particle physics is heavily based on concepts from algebra and differential geometry.
Subject specific skills
Knowledge of mathematics and physics. Skills in modelling, reasoning, thinking.
Analytical, communication, problem-solving, self-study
|Lectures||15 sessions of 1 hour (25%)|
|Private study||45 hours (75%)|
Private study description
Working through lecture notes, solving problems, wider reading, discussing with others taking the module, revising for exam, practising on past exam papers
No further costs have been identified for this module.
You must pass all assessment components to pass the module.
Assessment group B1
|2 hour online examination (Summer)||100%|
Answer two questions
Feedback on assessment
Personal tutor, group feedback
This module is Optional for:
- Year 1 of USTA-G300 Undergraduate Master of Mathematics,Operational Research,Statistics and Economics
- Year 1 of UPXA-FG33 Undergraduate Mathematics and Physics (BSc MMathPhys)
- Year 1 of UPXA-GF13 Undergraduate Mathematics and Physics (BSc)
- Year 1 of UPXA-FG31 Undergraduate Mathematics and Physics (MMathPhys)
- Year 1 of USTA-G1G3 Undergraduate Mathematics and Statistics (BSc MMathStat)
- Year 1 of USTA-GG14 Undergraduate Mathematics and Statistics (BSc)
- Year 1 of USTA-Y602 Undergraduate Mathematics,Operational Research,Statistics and Economics
- Year 1 of UPXA-F304 Undergraduate Physics (BSc MPhys)
- Year 1 of UPXA-F300 Undergraduate Physics (BSc)
- Year 1 of UPXA-F303 Undergraduate Physics (MPhys)
- Year 1 of UPXA-F3N1 Undergraduate Physics and Business Studies
- Year 1 of UPXA-F3N2 Undergraduate Physics with Business Studies
This module is Option list B for:
- Year 1 of UMAA-G100 Undergraduate Mathematics (BSc)
- Year 1 of UMAA-G103 Undergraduate Mathematics (MMath)
- Year 1 of UMAA-G106 Undergraduate Mathematics (MMath) with Study in Europe
- Year 1 of UMAA-G1NC Undergraduate Mathematics and Business Studies
- Year 1 of UMAA-G1N2 Undergraduate Mathematics and Business Studies (with Intercalated Year)
- Year 1 of UMAA-GL11 Undergraduate Mathematics and Economics
- Year 1 of UECA-GL12 Undergraduate Mathematics and Economics (with Intercalated Year)
- Year 1 of UMAA-GV18 Undergraduate Mathematics and Philosophy with Intercalated Year
- Year 1 of UMAA-G101 Undergraduate Mathematics with Intercalated Year