Skip to main content Skip to navigation
Throughout the 2021-22 academic year, we will be prioritising face to face teaching as part of a blended learning approach that builds on the lessons learned over the course of the Coronavirus pandemic. Teaching will vary between online and on-campus delivery through the year, and you should read guidance from the academic department for details of how this will work for a particular module. You can find out more about the University’s overall response to Coronavirus at: https://warwick.ac.uk/coronavirus.

HR305-12 Bioenergy & Biorefining

Department
Life Sciences
Level
Undergraduate Level 3
Module leader
Guy Barker
Credit value
12
Module duration
10 weeks
Assessment
100% exam
Study location
University of Warwick main campus, Coventry
Introductory description

The concept of “one world living” has stimulated a demand for sustainable feedstocks and resources for a range of industrial applications . Economic and government policies have generated a market for “first generation” biofuels, however, there are growing public concerns that the crops used as feedstock for these fuels are utilising land mass more suited for food production and are therefore not truly sustainable. The development of a truly sustainable “second generation” biofuel is ongoing and there is increasing interest to exploit plants as feedstock’s for other industrial applications via the development of bio-refineries. There is a need to take account of ethics and increasing competition for land use for different purposes in order to develop a sustainable future in which biologically based technologies will play an important role.

Module web page

Module aims

This module aims to introduce students to a fast moving field of research. This research relies on the development of new technologies arising from the integration of multiple disciplines and are part of emerging biotechnology solutions for a changing climate. These new technologies have the potential for rapid industrial take up as well as being of public interest.

The module is taught from the perspective of providing an understanding of these new technologies and the importance of sustainability in feedstock production, process technologies and energy use. In addition, the importance of government polices which aim to ensure security of fuel supplies and reduce carbon emissions on the creation of sustainable markets will be introduced. The module is based on the discussion of primary research papers and will provide insight into cutting edge research.

This module aims to introduce the drivers behind the current intrest in biofuels and bio based energy sources. It will also illustrate the complex arguments which are being debated in the press and elsewhwere in trying to develop a sustainable future based on biofeedstocks.

Outline syllabus

This is an indicative module outline only to give an indication of the sort of topics that may be covered. Actual sessions held may differ.

  1. Introduction. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  2. Initial analysis of impact of differing land use, sustainability of different biofuels in light of carbon emissions and agricultural practices. (Dr. R. Lillywhite)

  3. Life-cycle analysis and economics justification. (Dr. R. Lillywhite)

  4. Background. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  5. Biofuels or sustainable energy? (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  6. 1st generation biodiesiel cleanliness. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  7. Advanced biodiesel. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  8. First generation bio-ethanol from sugar cane, sugar beet and wheat including economics, impact of price and sustainability. Cellulosic ethanol. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  9. Biomass crops. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  10. Sustainability of supplies –the importance of balance. (Dr. G. D. Bending)

  11. Algae. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  12. Cellulosics and alternative technologies for lignin breakdown. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  13. Concept of biorefining. ((Dr. G. C. Barker)

  14. Adding value. ((Dr. G. C. Barker)
  15. Biogas and fuel cells. (Dr. G. C. Barker)
  16. Gussing example. (Dr. G. C. Barker)
  17. Industrial biotechnology. (Dr. G. C. Barker)
  18. Alternative technologies for lignin breakdown. (Dr. G. C. Barker)
  19. Natural product function isolation and purification. (Dr. G. C. Barker)

  20. Impact of public perception on demands and markets and what role should ethical consideration play? (This will be more of a tutorial than lecture). (Dr. G. C. Barker)
Learning outcomes

By the end of the module, students should be able to:

  • LO1 Demonstrate understanding of the main issues with current processes in agriculture
  • LO2 Demonstrate understanding of the different types of biofuels and sustainable energy, and current research techniques used to assess and analyse them
  • LO3 Demonstrate understanding of new biotechnologies associated with climate, economic and governmental changes
  • LO4 Demonstrate understanding of sustainability in process technologies production
  • LO5 Demonstrate understanding of sustainability in feedstock production
  • LO6 Demonstrate understanding of sustainability in energy production and use production
Indicative reading list

Some material will be provided on the module’s website (accessible via Moodle). In addition David MacKay FRS book is recommended; it is available free of charge on his web site www.withouthotair.com. Mark Lynas The God Species, and the December 2011 climate change committe report.

Subject specific skills

a. Demonstrate clear understanding of the scientific topic

b. Contain evidence of extended reading and lateral integration of material not covered in the lectures

c. Demonstrate independent thought and deep understanding

d. Specifically answer the set question using information from multiple lectures and sources

e. Be structured and formatted in a way that demonstrates understanding and logical flow

f. Use multiple sources to construct complex scientific arguments and integrating these to build and develop the student's own scientific conclusions.

Transferable skills
  1. Critical appraisal of source material
  2. Self directed learning
  3. Adult learning

Study time

Type Required
Lectures 20 sessions of 1 hour (17%)
Private study 100 hours (83%)
Total 120 hours
Private study description

100 hrs of self-study and directed reading

Costs

No further costs have been identified for this module.

You must pass all assessment components to pass the module.

Assessment group B1
Weighting Study time
Written Examination 100%

EXAM: ESSAY BASED EXAM- STUDENTS NEED TO ANSWER 2 OUT OF 4 SET QUESTIONS IN 1.5 HRS

Feedback on assessment

Pastoral meetings with personal tutor

Past exam papers for HR305

Courses

This module is Optional for:

  • Year 3 of ULFA-C1A6 Undergraduate Biochemistry with Industrial Placement (MBio)
  • Year 4 of ULFA-C113 Undergraduate Biological Sciences (with Placement Year)
  • Year 3 of ULFA-C1A5 Undergraduate Biological Sciences with Industrial Placement (MBio)

This module is Option list A for:

  • Year 3 of UBSA-C700 Undergraduate Biochemistry
  • Year 3 of ULFA-C1A2 Undergraduate Biochemistry (MBio)
  • Year 4 of UBSA-C701 Undergraduate Biochemistry (with Intercalated Year)
  • UBSA-3 Undergraduate Biological Sciences
    • Year 3 of C100 Biological Sciences
    • Year 3 of C105 Biological Sciences with Molecular Genetics
    • Year 3 of C107 Biological Sciences with Virology
  • Year 3 of ULFA-C1A1 Undergraduate Biological Sciences (MBio)
  • UBSA-4 Undergraduate Biological Sciences (with Intercalated Year)
    • Year 4 of C111 Biological Sciences with Cell Biology (with Intercalated Year)
    • Year 4 of C101 Biological Sciences with Intercalated Year
    • Year 4 of C109 Biological Sciences with Microbiology (with Intercalated Year)
    • Year 4 of C108 Biological Sciences with Molecular Genetics ( with Intercalated Year)
    • Year 4 of C110 Biological Sciences with Virology (with Intercalated Year)
    • Year 4 of C523 Virology (with intercalated year)

This module is Option list B for:

  • UBSA-3 Undergraduate Biological Sciences
    • Year 3 of C102 Biological Sciences with Cell Biology
    • Year 3 of C103 Biological Sciences with Environmental Resources
    • Year 3 of C104 Biological Sciences with Microbiology